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Ne10编译安装

软件 ksdroberta 48次浏览 已收录 0个评论 扫描二维码

介绍

NEON,即“ARM Advanced SIMD”,是ARM从ARMv7开始提供的高级单指令多数据(SIMD)扩展。它是一种64/128位混合SIMD体系结构。NEON在网上资料比较少,对于新手来说不太友好。一番折腾之后,终于在GIT上找到一个封装好的NEON库,Ne10,内部用汇编实现了若干基本运算。

Git地址

安装指南

预备

安装arm-linux交叉编译器:

sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihf

sudo apt-get install g++-arm-linux-gnueabihf

否则,会出现编译错误

cc: error: unrecognized command line option ‘-mthumb-interwork’
cc: error: unrecognized command line option ‘-mthumb’
cc: error: unrecognized command line option ‘-mfpu=vfp3’

作为小白的我不知所以,抓狂很久,直到看到根目录下的GNUlinux_config.cmake才恍然大误大悟。
关于abi的介绍,可参考这篇博客
交叉编译器。

编译

Native compilation on *nix platforms

编译命令

cd $NE10_PATH                      # Change directory to the location of the Ne10 source
mkdir build && cd build            # Create the `build` directory and navigate into it
export NE10_LINUX_TARGET_ARCH=armv7 # Set the target architecture (can also be “aarch64”)
cmake -DGNULINUX_PLATFORM=ON ..    # Run CMake to generate the build files
make                                # Build the project

这步总是有问题,找到的编译器是gccg++而不是gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihfg++-arm-linux-gnueabihf

— Found assembler: /usr/bin/cc
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — works
— Detecting C compiler ABI info
— Detecting C compiler ABI info – done
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ — works

…Cross compilation on *nix platforms…

编译命令

cd $NE10_PATH
mkdir build && cd build
export NE10_LINUX_TARGET_ARCH=armv7  # Can also be “aarch64”
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=../GNUlinux_config.cmake ..
make

这步是ok的。找到了合适的编译器

— Found assembler: /usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-as
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc
— Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc — works
— Detecting C compiler ABI info
— Detecting C compiler ABI info – done
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++
— Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++ — works

成功编译。

Linking C static library libNE10.a
[ 94%] Built target NE10
Scanning dependencies of target NE10_test_static
[ 95%] Building C object samples/CMakeFiles/NE10_test_static.dir/NE10_sample_intro.c.o
[ 96%] Building C object samples/CMakeFiles/NE10_test_static.dir/NE10_sample_matrix_multiply.c.o
[ 97%] Building C object samples/CMakeFiles/NE10_test_static.dir/NE10_sample_complex_fft.c.o
[ 98%] Building C object samples/CMakeFiles/NE10_test_static.dir/NE10_sample_fir.c.o
[100%] Building C object samples/CMakeFiles/NE10_test_static.dir/NE10_samples.c.o
Linking CXX executable NE10_test_static
[100%] Built target NE10_test_static

作者还提到

Additionally, for systems without hardware floating point support, the appropriate compilation options should be added to the CMAKE_C_FLAGS and CMAKE_ASM_FLAGS variables in the root CMakeLists.txt file. For example, -mfloat-abi=softfp -mfpu=neon.

运行/build/samples/NE10_test_static出现错误

bash: ./NE10_test_static: cannot execute binary file: Exec format error

应该是32位程序不能运行在64位系统上。

64位编译

编译64位程序时(armv7改为aarch64)出现问题

In file included from /home/XXX/Ne10-master/modules/imgproc/NE10_resize.neon.c:28:0:
/home/XXX/Ne10-master/modules/imgproc/NE10_resize.neon.c: In function ‘ne10_img_vresize_linear_neon’:
/home/XXX/Ne10-master/modules/imgproc/NE10_resize.neon.c:174:19: error: incompatible types when initializing type ‘int32x4_t’ using type ‘int32x2_t’
        qT_0123 = vmlaq_lane_s32 (qT_0123, qS1_0123, dBeta, 1);

还没有找到问题所在。

…for Android

编译命令

cd $NE10_PATH
mkdir build && cd build
export ANDROID_NDK=/absolute/path/of/android-ndk  # Change to your local ndk path
export NE10_ANDROID_TARGET_ARCH=armv7  # Can also be “aarch64”
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=../android/android_config.cmake ..
make

找到编译器

— Found assembler: /home/XXX/android-ndk-r13b//toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.9/prebuilt/linux-x86_64/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-as
— Detecting C compiler ABI info
— Detecting C compiler ABI info – failed
— Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
— Detecting CXX compiler ABI info – failed
Target architecture: armv7
— Building type: RELEASE
— Loaded toolchain:
    /home/XXX/android-ndk-r13b/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.9/prebuilt/linux-x86_64/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-gcc
    /home/XXX/android-ndk-r13b/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.9/prebuilt/linux-x86_64/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-g++
    /home/XXX/android-ndk-r13b/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.9/prebuilt/linux-x86_64/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-as

成功编译

Linking C static library libNE10.a
Scanning dependencies of target NE10_test_static
Linking CXX executable NE10_test_static
Scanning dependencies of target NE10_test_demo
Linking CXX shared library libNE10_test_demo.so
[100%] Built target NE10_test_demo

Android运行结果

将运算重复运行十万次。具体还需要深入理解后再分析。

# Introduction
ne10_addc_float: 0.610000
ne10_addc_float_c: 1.863000
ne10_addc_float_neon: 0.652000

# Matrix Multiply
ne10_mulmat_3x3f: 4.211000
ne10_mulmat_3x3f_c: 7.352000
ne10_mulmat_3x3f_neon: 4.246000


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