Cygwin配置指南

Cygwin配置总结

Cygwin是

  • 大量GNU和开放源码工具的集合,它们提供了类似于Windows上的Linux发行版的功能。

  • DLL(cygwin1.dll),它提供了大量的POSIX API功能。

Cygwin不是

  • 一种在Windows上运行本地Linux应用程序的方法。如果希望应用程序在Windows上运行,则必须从源代码重新构建应用程序。

  • 一种神奇地使本机Windows应用程序知道UNIX∈功能(如信号、ptys等)的方法。同样,如果想利用Cygwin功能,需要从源代码构建应用程序。

安装Cygwin

  • 通过运行setup-x86_64.exe(64位安装)或setup-x86.exe(32位安装)安装Cygwin

  • 使用安装程序执行新安装或更新现有安装。

  • 请记住,发行版中的单个包是与DLL分开更新的,所以Cygwin DLL版本对于一般的Cygwin发行版本号来说没有用。

国内源地址

  • 网易 http://mirrors.163.com/cygwin/

  • 中科大 http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/cygwin/
  • 搜狐 http://mirrors.sohu.com/cygwin/

安装过程中选择站点时一定要自己添加国内源,不然下载会很慢,推荐搜狐

安装第三方包管理工具apt-cyg

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/transcode-open/apt-cyg/master/apt-cyg  mv apt-cyg /bin/apt-cyg  chmod +x /bin/apt-cyg  apt-cyg mirror http://mirrors.sohu.com/cygwin/

apt-cyg用法

install    Install package(s).    remove    Remove package(s) from the system.    update    Download a fresh copy of the master package list (setup.ini) from the    server defined in setup.rc.    download    Retrieve package(s) from the server, but do not install/upgrade anything.    show    Display information on given package(s).    depends    Produce a dependency tree for a package.    rdepends    Produce a tree of packages that depend on the named package.    list    Search each locally-installed package for names that match regexp. If no    package names are provided in the command line, all installed packages will    be queried.    listall    This will search each package in the master package list (setup.ini) for    names that match regexp.    category    Display all packages that are members of a named category.    listfiles    List all files owned by a given package. Multiple packages can be specified    on the command line.    search    Search for downloaded packages that own the specified file(s). The path can    be relative or absolute, and one or more files can be specified.    searchall    Search cygwin.com to retrieve file information about packages. The provided    target is considered to be a filename and searchall will return the    package(s) which contain this file.

安装编译环境

apt-cyg install gcc-core gcc-g++ gdb make autoconf automake libboost-devel

安装系统管理工具

apt-cyg install openssh openssl binutils util-linux bash-completion procps inetutils bind-utils

安装常用工具

apt-cyg install git wget curl vim tree

安装Python

apt-cyg install python python-ipython python-pip python-setuptools  apt-cyg install python3 python3-ipython python3-pip python3-setuptools    #pip配置  mkdir ~/.pip  touch ~/.pip/pip.conf  echo -e "[global]nindex-url = https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple" > ~/.pip/pip.conf  python -m pip install --upgrade pip  pip install ipython    #语法检查  pip install --user flake8  #自动代码提示  pip install --user jedi  #自动导入模块  pip install --user isort  #代码格式化  pip install --user yapf

安装帮助手册

apt-cyg install help2man man-db man-pages-posix

安装zsh

apt-cyg install zsh  sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

安装nodejs

npm config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org  npm i -g tldr  tldr --update  npm i -g cnpm --registry=https://registry.npm.taobao.org  npm i -g yarn  yarn config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org

Cygwin 3.0.0-1 发布,POSIX兼容环境  https://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2019-02/156957.htm

Windows下Cygwin安装使用教程  https://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2019-02/156968.htm

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