Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

tree命令功能说明:以树状图列出目录的内容。

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

如:

tree 以树状图显示所有文件

tree -L N 以树状图显示所有文件,子文件夹显示到第 N 层

Ubuntu安装tree命令

sudo apt-get install tree

查看关于tree命令的帮助信息

linuxidc@linuxidc:~$ tree –help
usage: tree [-acdfghilnpqrstuvxACDFJQNSUX] [-H baseHREF] [-T title ]
 [-L level [-R]] [-P pattern] [-I pattern] [-o filename] [–version]
 [–help] [–inodes] [–device] [–noreport] [–nolinks] [–dirsfirst]
 [–charset charset] [–filelimit[=]#] [–si] [–timefmt[=]<f>]
 [–sort[=]<name>] [–matchdirs] [–ignore-case] [–] [<directory list>]
  ——- Listing options ——-
  -a            All files are listed.
  -d            List directories only.
  -l            Follow symbolic links like directories.
  -f            Print the full path prefix for each file.
  -x            Stay on current filesystem only.
  -L level      Descend only level directories deep.
  -R            Rerun tree when max dir level reached.
  -P pattern    List only those files that match the pattern given.
  -I pattern    Do not list files that match the given pattern.
  –ignore-case Ignore case when pattern matching.
  –matchdirs  Include directory names in -P pattern matching.
  –noreport    Turn off file/directory count at end of tree listing.
  –charset X  Use charset X for terminal/HTML and indentation line output.
  –filelimit # Do not descend dirs with more than # files in them.
  –timefmt <f> Print and format time according to the format <f>.
  -o filename  Output to file instead of stdout.
  ——– File options ———
  -q            Print non-printable characters as ‘?’.
  -N            Print non-printable characters as is.
  -Q            Quote filenames with double quotes.
  -p            Print the protections for each file.
  -u            Displays file owner or UID number.
  -g            Displays file group owner or GID number.
  -s            Print the size in bytes of each file.
  -h            Print the size in a more human readable way.
  –si          Like -h, but use in SI units (powers of 1000).
  -D            Print the date of last modification or (-c) status change.
  -F            Appends ‘/’, ‘=’, ‘*’, ‘@’, ‘|’ or ‘>’ as per ls -F.
  –inodes      Print inode number of each file.
  –device      Print device ID number to which each file belongs.
  ——- Sorting options ——-
  -v            Sort files alphanumerically by version.
  -t            Sort files by last modification time.
  -c            Sort files by last status change time.
  -U            Leave files unsorted.
  -r            Reverse the order of the sort.
  –dirsfirst  List directories before files (-U disables).
  –sort X      Select sort: name,version,size,mtime,ctime.
  ——- Graphics options ——
  -i            Don’t print indentation lines.
  -A            Print ANSI lines graphic indentation lines.
  -S            Print with CP437 (console) graphics indentation lines.
  -n            Turn colorization off always (-C overrides).
  -C            Turn colorization on always.
  ——- XML/HTML/JSON options ——-
  -X            Prints out an XML representation of the tree.
  -J            Prints out an JSON representation of the tree.
  -H baseHREF  Prints out HTML format with baseHREF as top directory.
  -T string    Replace the default HTML title and H1 header with string.
  –nolinks    Turn off hyperlinks in HTML output.
  —- Miscellaneous options —-
  –version    Print version and exit.
  –help        Print usage and this help message and exit.
  —            Options processing terminator.

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

tree命令常用使用方法

(1) 显示当前目录的树形结构

linuxidc@linuxidc:~/桌面/www.linuxidc.com/linuxidc.com$ tree
.
├── linuxidc.com
│  ├── linuxidc.com.png
│  └── www.linuxidc.com
├── linuxidc.com.deb
├── linuxidc.com.png
├── linuxidc.jpg
├── linuxidc.png
├── linuxidc.zip
└── 教程重要说明及更新链接点击这个文本.txt

2 directories, 7 files

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

(2) 只查看当前第一级的目录和文件

$ tree -L 1

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

(3) 只查看当前第二级的目录和文件

$ tree -L 2

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

(4) 只查看当前第N级的目录和文件

$ tree -L N

(5) 把目录结构信息保存到文本中

$ tree -L 2 > linuxidc.com.txt

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

如下图

Linux下使用tree命令以树形结构显示文件夹目录结构

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